Vhdl Assignment Operators In C

Table of Contents

  1. Logical Syntax
    1. Logical Expressions
    2. If-Then-Else Statements
    3. Case Statements

  2. Structural Syntax
    1. Signal Assignments
    2. Variable Assignments
    3. Processes
    4. Component Instantiations

  3. Data Types
    1. Logical Types
    2. Ranged Types

  4. Module Structure
    1. Library
    2. Entity
    3. Architecture

  5. Declarations
    1. Signal Declarations
    2. Constant Declarations
    3. Function Declarations
    4. Component Declarations
    5. Variable Declarations
    6. Type Declarations

I. Logical Syntax

A. Logical Expressions

B. If-Then-Else Statements

C. Case Statements

II. Structural Syntax

A. Signal Assignments

B. Variable Assignments

C. Processes

D. Component Instantiations

III. Data Types

A. Logical Types

B. Ranged Types

Assignment Symbol in VHDL

VHDL assignments are used to assign values from one object to another. In VHDL there are two assignment symbols:

<= Assignment of Signals := Assignment of Variables and Signal Initialization

Either of these assignment statements can be said out loud as the word "gets". So for example in the assignment: test <= input_1; You could say out loud, "The signal test gets (assigned the value from) input_1."

Note that there is an additional symbol used for component instantiations (=>) this is separate from an assignment.

Also note that <= is also a relational operator (less than or equal to). This is syntax dependent. If <= is used in any conditional statement (if, when, until) then it is a relational operator, otherwise it's an assignment.

One other note about signal initialization: Signal initialization is allowed in most FPGA fabrics using the := VHDL assignment operator. It is good practice to assign all signals in an FPGA to a known-value when the FPGA is initialized. You should avoid using a reset signal to initialize your FPGA, instead use the := signal assignment.

library ieee; use ieee.std_logic_1164.all; entity ex_assignment is end ex_assignment; architecture behave of ex_assignment is signal r_TEST_SIGNAL : integer range 0 to 10 := 0; -- initializing a signal signal r_RESULT : integer range 0 to 10 := 0; -- initializing a signal begin -- Demonstrates both assignment operators -- This process is synthesizable p_ASSIGN_RESULT : process (r_TEST_SIGNAL) variable v_TEST_VARIABLE : integer := 0; begin v_TEST_VARIABLE := r_TEST_SIGNAL + 1; if r_TEST_SIGNAL < 5 then r_RESULT <= r_TEST_SIGNAL; else r_RESULT <= v_TEST_VARIABLE; end if; end process; -- This process is NOT synthesizable. Test code only! -- Provides inputs to code and prints debug statements to console. p_TEST_BENCH : process is begin r_TEST_SIGNAL <= 3; wait for 100 ns; report "Value of Result = " & integer'image(r_RESULT) severity note; r_TEST_SIGNAL <= 7; wait for 100 ns; report "Value of Result = " & integer'image(r_RESULT) severity note; wait; end process; end behave; ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- Console output of Example: -- # ** Note: Value of Result = 3 -- # Time: 100 ns Iteration: 0 Instance: /example_assignment -- # ** Note: Value of Result = 8 -- # Time: 200 ns Iteration: 0 Instance: /example_assignment -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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